You are here: Home / People / Xiaofei Lu

Xiaofei Lu

Xiaofei Lu

Associate Professor of Applied Linguistics and Asian Studies

Director of Graduate Studies

301 Sparks Building
Office Phone: (814) 865-4692



  • Ph.D., Linguistics, The Ohio State University
  • M.A., English Language, National University of Singapore
  • B.A., English, Nankai University, China

Areas of Specialization

  • Corpus linguistics, computational Linguistics, and intelligent computer-assisted language learning
  • Corpus-based and genre-based approaches to EAP writing research and pedagogy
  • Second language writing and second language acquisition

Recent Courses

  • APLNG 597 Seminar in Applied Corpus Linguistics
  • APLNG 589 Technology in Foreign Language Education: An Overview
  • APLNG 588 Design and Research of Technology-Mediated Language Learning
  • APLNG 578 Computational and Statistical Methods for Corpus Analysis
  • APLNG 200 Language, Culture and Social Interaction

Selected Publications


Lu, X., & Chen, B. (Eds.) (forthcoming). Computational and Corpus Approaches to Chinese Language Learning. Singapore: Springer.

Lu, X. (2014). Computational Methods for Corpus Annotation and Analysis. Dordrecht: Springer.


Peng, J., Wang, C., & Lu, X. (forthcoming). Effect of the linguistic complexity of the input text on alignment, writing fluency, and writing accuracy in the continuation task. Language Teaching Research.

Lu, X., Yoon, J., & Kisselev, O. (2018). A phrase-frame list for social science research article introductions. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 36, 76-85

Liao, J., & Lu, X. (2018). Exploring the affordances of telepresence robots in foreign language learning. Language Learning and Technology, 22(3), 20-32.

Lu, X., Kisselev, O., Yoon, J., & Amory, M. (2018). Investigating effects of criterial consistency, the diversity dimension, and threshold variation in formulaic language research: Extending the methodological considerations of O’Donnell et al. (2013). International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 23(2), 158-182.

Jiang, J., Jiang, L., & Lu, X. (2018). Automated scoring of students' English-to-Chinese translations of three text types. Journal of Quantitative Linguistics, 25(3), 238-255.

Jin, T., & Lu, X. (2018). A data-driven approach to text adaptation in teaching material preparation: Design, implementation and teacher professional development. TESOL Quarterly, 52(2), 457-467.

Lu, X. (2017). Automated measurement of syntactic complexity in corpus-based L2 writing research and implications for writing assessment. Language Testing, 34(4), 493-511.

Lu, X., & Wang, B. P.-Y. (2017). Towards a metaphor-annotated corpus of Mandarin Chinese. Language Resources and Evaluation, 51(3), 663-694.

Lu, X., & Xu, Q. (2016). L2 Syntactic Complexity Analyzer and its applications in L2 writing research. Foreign Language Teaching and Research, 48(3), 409-420. [in Chinese]

Lu, X., & Ai, H. (2015). Syntactic complexity in college-level English writing: Differences among writers with diverse L1 backgrounds. Journal of Second Language Writing, 29, 16-27.

Park, K., & Lu, X. (2015). Automatic analysis of thematic structure in written English. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 20(1), 82-102.

Poehner, M. E., Zhang, J., & Lu, X. (2015). Computerized Dynamic Assessment (C-DA): Diagnosing L2 development according to learner responsiveness to mediation. Language Testing, 32(3), 337-357.

Stevens, R. J., Lu, X., Baker, D. P., Ray, M. N., Eckert, S. A., & Gamson, D. A. (2015). Assessing the cognitive demands of elementary school reading curricula: An analysis of reading text and comprehension tasks from 1910 to 2000. American Educational Research Journal, 52(3), 582-617.

Yang, W., Lu, X., & Weigle, S. C. (2015). Different topics, different discourse: Relationships among writing topic, measures of syntactic complexity, and judgments of writing quality. Journal of Second Language Writing, 28, 53-67.

Zhang, X., & Lu, X. (2015). The relationship between vocabulary learning strategies and breadth and depth of vocabulary knowledge. The Modern Language Journal, 99(4), 740-753.

Lu, X., Gamson, D. A., & Eckert, S. A. (2014). Lexical difficulty and diversity in American elementary school reading textbooks: Changes over the past century.  International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 19(1), 94-117.

Fernandez, J., Gates-Tapia, A., & Lu, X. (2014). Oral proficiency and pragmatic marker use in L2 spoken Spanish: The case of pues and bueno. Journal of Pragmatics, 74, 150-164.

Hartig, A. J., & Lu, X. (2014). Plain English and legal writing: Comparing expert and novice writers. English for Specific Purposes, 33(1), 87-96.

Zhang, X., & Lu, X. (2014). A longitudinal study of receptive vocabulary breadth knowledge growth and vocabulary fluency development. Applied Linguistics, 35(3), 283-304.

Gamson, D. A., Lu, X., & Eckert, S. A. (2013). Challenging the research base of the common core state standards: A historical reanalysis of text complexity. Educational Researcher, 42(7), 381-391.

Zhang, J., & Lu, X. (2013). Variability in Chinese as a Foreign Language learners' development of the Chinese numeral classifier system. The Modern Language Journal, 97(s1), 46-60. 

Lu, X. (2012). The relationship of lexical richness to the quality of ESL learners' oral narratives. The Modern Language Journal, 96(2), 190-208.

Thorne, S. L., Fischer, I., & Lu, X. (2012). The semiotic ecology and linguistic complexity of an online game world. ReCall, 24(3), 279-301.

Lu, X. (2011). A corpus-based evaluation of syntactic complexity measures as indices of college-level ESL writers’ language development. TESOL Quarterly, 45(1), 36-62.

Lu, X. (2010). Automatic analysis of syntactic complexity in second language writing. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 15(4), 474-496.

Lu, X. (2009). Automatic measurement of syntactic complexity in child language acquisition. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 14(1), 3-28.

Lu, X. (2008). Improving part-of-speech guessing of Chinese unknown words using hybrid models.  International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 13(2), 169-193.

Lu, X. (2008). Hybrid models for sense guessing of Chinese unknown words.  International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 13(1), 99-128.

Lu, X. (2007). A hybrid model for Chinese word segmentation. Journal for Language Technology and Computational Linguistics, 22(1), 71-88.

Professional Awards and Achievements

Associate Editor, Cogent Education (2018-)

Yunshan Chair Professor, Faculty of English Language and Culture, Guangdong University of Foreign Studies (2014-2020)

Guest Professor, School of Foreign Languages, Huazhong University of Science and Technology (2016-2019)

Guest Professor, School of Foreign Languages, Leshan Normal University (2016-2018)

Invited Visiting Professor, School of Foreign Languages, Beihang University (2018)

Invited Visiting Professor, School of Foreign Languages, Sun Yat-sen University (2018, 2017)

Top 1% of peer reviewers in social sciences, Publons Peer Review Awards (2018, 2017)

Top 1% of peer reviewers in arts and humanities, Publons Peer Review Awards (2017)

Invited Visiting Professor, School of Foreign Languages, Harbin Institute of Technology (2016)

Invited Visiting Professor, Interlanguage Centre for Lexicology, English Language and Corpus Studies, Université Paris Diderot (2016)

Gil Watz Early Career Professor in Language and Linguistics (2012-2016)

Honorable Mention, Journal of Second Language Writing Best Article Award (2015)

Invited Visiting Professor, Aim for the Top University Project, National Taiwan Normal University (2014)

Invited Visiting Professor, School of Foreign Studies, Xi'an Jiaotong University (2014)

Editorial/Advisory Board Member: Journal of Second Language Writing (2018-), Journal of Asian EAP (2018-), International Journal of Computer-Assisted Language Learning and Teaching (2017-), TEFLIN Journal (2017-), Cogent Education (2016-2018), The Journal of Asia TEFL (2016-), Corpus Linguistics (2014-), The Linguistics Journal (2007-2009)