Robert W. Schrauf

Robert W. Schrauf

Robert W. Schrauf

Professor of Applied Linguistics
240 Sparks Building
(814) 865-9622
Robert W. Schrauf

Curriculum Vitae

Professional Bio


  • Ph.D., Anthropology, Case Western Reserve University, 1995
  • Postdoc, Experimental Psychology, Duke University, 1996-1999

Areas of Specialization

  • Mixed Methods
  • Multilingualism and Culture
  • Language, Ethnicity, and Dementia
  • Applied Linguistics and Health Sciences
  • Quantitative Methods

Recent Courses

  • APLNG 597a Mixed Methods Cross-Cultural Research
  • APLNG 597b Making Cross-Cultural Comparisons with Qualitative Data
  • APLNG 593 Experimental Methods in Language Research
  • APLNG 583 Methods of Language Assessment
  • APLNG 511 Applied Linguistics and Health Sciences

Current Funding

National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. “The Commonwealth Short Course on Multilingual Research Methods.” Role: Co-Principal Investigator. ($796,781).

National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities. "Resilience and Helpseeking in Health and Illness By and For the Elderly." Role: Co-Principal Investigator. ($391,545).

Department of Education. "Careers of Language Study Abroad Alumni: A Comprehensive Investigation." Role: Co-Investigator. ($84,850).

Recent Publications


Schrauf, Robert.W. (2016). Mixed methods: Interviews, surveys, and cross-cultural comparisons. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.


Plejert, C., Lindholm, C. and Schrauf, R.W. eds. (2017) Mulitingual interaction and dementia. Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters.

Schrauf, Robert W. and Muller, N. eds. (2014) Dialogue and dementia: Communicative Strategies for Engagement. New York: Taylor and Francis.

De Bot, K. and Schrauf, R.W., eds. (2009) Language development over the lifespan. New York: Routledge.


Schrauf, Robert W. (2020). Epistemic responsibility – Labored, loosened, and lost: Staging Alzheimer’s disease. Journal of Pragmatics 168, 56-68.

Schrauf, Robert W. López de Victoria, Patria; and Diaz, Brett. (2019). Linguistic stance: An integrative paradigm for mixed methods social science. Language in Society 49, 257-281.

Schrauf, Robert W. (2018) Mixed methods designs for making cross-­cultural comparisons. Journal of Mixed Methods Research 12:4, 477-494

Iris, M., & Schrauf, R. W. (2016). Aging, memory loss, and Alzheimer's disease: What do refugees from the former Soviet Union think? Journal of Religion, Spirituality, and Aging, 29 (2-3)130-146.

Schrauf, Robert W. and Iris, M. (2014). How to construct a case of Alzheimer’s disease in three languages: Case-based reasoning in narrative gerontology. Ageing and Society 34, 2, 280-309.

Schrauf, Robert W. and Iris, M. (2012). Very long pathways to diagnosis among African Americans and Hispanics with memory loss and behavioral problems associated with dementia. Dementia 11 (6), 743-763.

Schrauf, Robert W. and Iris, M. (2011). A direct comparison of popular models of normal memory loss and Alzheimer’s disease in samples of African Americans, Mexican Americans, and refugees/immigrants from the Former Soviet Union. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 59 (4), 628-636.

Schrauf, Robert W. and Sanchez, J. (2010). Age-effects and sample size in freelisting. Field Methods 22, (1), 70-87.

Schrauf, Robert. W. (2009). English use among older bilingual immigrants in linguistically concentrated neighborhoods: Social proficiency and internal speech as intracultural variation. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 24, 157-179

Steis, M. and Schrauf, Robert W. (2009). A review of translations and adaptations of the MMSE in languages other than English and Spanish. Research in Gerontological Nursing, 2(2), 214-224.


Schrauf, R. W., & Amory, M. (2017). Training in clinical assessment: Proxying, translating, and voice-over as discursive devices. Multilingual Interaction and Dementia, (pp. 175-205). Bristol: Multilingual Matters.

Plejert, C., Lindholm, C., and Schrauf, R.W. (2017). "Multilingual interaction and dementia." Multilingual Interaction and Dementia, (pp. 1-22). Bristol: Multilingual Matters.

Schrauf, R. W. and Iris, M. (2014). "'What they're said to say': The discursive construction of Alzheimer's disease." Dialogue and Dementia: Cognitive and Communicative Resources for Engagement, pp. 27-57. New York: Taylor and Francis Inc./Routledge.

Muller, N. and Schrauf, R. W. (2014). "Conversation as cognition: Reframing cognition in dementia." Dialogue and Dementia: Resources for Cognitive and Communicative Resources for Engagement, pp. 3-26. New York: Taylor and Francis/Routledge.

Schrauf, R.W. (2013). "Reading compromised and preserved cognition into and out of conversational data." In Davis, B. and Guendouzi, J. (eds), Pragmatics in Dementia Discourse: Applications and Issues, pp. 245-278. Cambridge Scholars Press.

Schrauf, Robert W. (2013) Using correspondence analysis to model immigrant multilingualism over time. In Duarte, J. and Gogolin, I. (eds). Linguistic super-diversity in urban areas – Research approaches, pp. 27-43. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Schrauf, Robert W. and Madelyn Iris. (2011). Using consensus analysis to investigate cultural models. In Kronenfeld, D., Bennardo, G., DeMunck, V.C., and Fischer, M. (eds). Blackwell Companion to Cognitive Anthroprology (pp. 548-568). Boston: Blackwell.

Schrauf, Robert W. (2011). The shifting structure of emotion semantics across immigrant generations: Effects of the second culture on the first. In Schmid, M. and W. Lowie (eds). Modeling bilingualism: From structure to chaos (pp. 177-198). John Benjamins.


Language Development Over the Lifespan